domingo, 11 de enero de 2009

Sueltos sobre Gaza - 11/01/2009

--El ejército israelí asalta la ciudad de Gaza un día después de que la fuerza aérea lanzara octavillas avisando a la población de que iba a intensificar la violencia. Según los servicios médicos de Palestina, ya hay 879 víctimas mortales en la Franja, frente a 13 israelíes muertos (tres de ellos civiles y cuatro abatidos por fuego amigo) desde el inicio de la ofensiva. Olmert declara que Israel "está cerca de conseguir sus objetivos, pero son necesarias más paciencia, determinación y fortaleza". Tzipi Livni: "Estamos embarcados en una lucha contra el terrorismo y éste no es un conflicto único. Éste no es un conflicto que vaya a terminar en acuerdo [...] Hamas lamenta el día en que decidió intensificar el bombardeo de cohetes contra Israel suponiendo que ibamos a mostrar contención".

UN NIÑO PALESTINO HERIDO ES LLEVADO AL HOSPITAL DE SHIFA, AYER.

--Patrick Lang, coronel retirado de las Fuerzas Armadas estadounidenses publica en su blog un revelador post sobre la estructura y funcionamiento del ejército de tierra israelí basado en numeroso años de experiencia. En un momento dado, Lang describe el comportamiento de esas tropas en "tiempos de paz", que se dedican, por ejemplo a disparar contra mujeres palestinas tendiendo la ropa por pura diversión:
In Beit Suhur outside Bethlehem, I have seen IDF troops shoot at Palestinian Christian women hanging out laundry in their gardens. This was done with tank coaxial machine guns from within a bermed up dirt fort a couple of hundred yards away, and evidently just for the fun of it. In Bethlehem a lieutenant told me that he would have had his men shoot me in the street during a demonstration that I happened to get caught in, but that he had not because he thought I might not be a Palestinian and that if I were not the incident would have caused him some trouble. I have seen a lot of things like that. One might say that in war, s--t happens. That is true, but such behavior is indicative of an army that is not well disciplined and not a completely reliably instrument of state policy. In my travels in the west Bank in March of 2008, it was noticeable that the behavior towards Palestinian civilians of IDF troops at roadblocks was reminiscent of that of any group of post-adolescents given guns and allowed to bully the helpless in order to look tough for each other.
--Obama ha vuelto a hablar sobre Gaza, tras sus declaraciones del pasado 6 de enero, en una entrevista para la cadena ABC. Alto y claro: Israel tiene derecho a defenderse y Obama, siguiendo los consejos de Dick Cheney, no va a dejar que la "retórica de campaña" le impida continuar con las políticas que Estados Unidos ha llevado a cabo en Oriente Medio durante la anterior administración:

The president-elect stood by his comments last July made on a trip to Israel that "If somebody was sending rockets into my house where my two daughters sleep at night, I'm going to do everything in my power to stop that. I would expect Israelis to do the same thing."

When asked if he would say the same in Israel today, Obama said, "I think that's a basic principle of any country is that they've got to protect their citizens."

Comparing his approach to the Middle East to that of previous administrations, Obama suggested that he will not be making a clean break from the Bush policy. "I think that if you look not just at the Bush administration, but also what happened under the Clinton administration, you are seeing the general outlines of an approach."

Earlier in the week, Vice President Cheney told Obama that, "Before you start to implement your campaign rhetoric you need to sit down and find out precisely what it is we did and how we did it. Because it is going to be vital to keeping the nation safe and secure in the years ahead and it would be a tragedy if they threw over those policies simply because they've campaigned against them."

"I think that was pretty good advice," said Obama. "I should know what's going on before we make judgments and that we shouldn't be making judgments on the basis of incomplete information or campaign rhetoric."

--Karim Makdisi (profesor de Ciencias Políticas de la Universidad Americana de Beirut) desmenuza la Resolución 1860 de la ONU (ver aquí). No sólo llega tarde, sino que está diseñada para no ofender a Israel (ni siquiera menciona a Hamas) y responsabiliza a Hamas de la situación, acusándole de romper el alto el fuego (una mentira hecha verdad oficial):

The text of Resolution 1860 makes no mention of international humanitarian laws (let alone offer any condemnation for the breaching of these laws), and it appears to adopt Israel's narrative of events in its preamble and operative sentences (just as Resolution 1701 adopted Israel’s narrative in 2006). For instance it clearly implies that the blame for this war, and "the resulting heavy civilian causalities" is due to the "refusal to extend the period of calm." In other words, just as Israeli and US spokesmen for the war say without apparent irony, the Palestinians are being blamed for the deaths and destruction on...the Palestinians themselves. This statement perpetuates the canard that Hamas broke the truce with Israel, when in fact it is well established that Israel did so both in its 4 November attacks on Hamas officials in Gaza and in its refusal to comply with the terms of the truce by loosening its blockade on the Palestinian population as a whole.

ISRALÍES CONTEMPLANDO EL ESPECTÁCULO DEL BOMBARDEO DE GAZA DESDE UNA COLINA EN SDEROT.

--Diplomáticos de diversos países están discutiendo un plan para devolver a Gaza a la Autoridad Nacional Palestina, liderada por Fatah, como parte de la inciativa de paz propuesta por Egipto. El plan incluiría patrullas francesas y turcas, bajo autoridad de la ANP, vigilando la frontera de Gaza con Egipto. La "comunidad internacional" se empeña de nuevo en "corregir" la equivocación que cometieron los palestinos votando a Hamas en las elecciones de 2006. Hay que recordar que la llamada "toma de poder violenta" de Gaza por parte de Hamas fue en realidad una defensa del golpe de estado que Fatah intentó dar con el apoyo de Estados Unidos e Israel. Parece que está siendo necesarios, de momento, matar a más de 800 palestinos para salvarles de Hamas y de ellos mismos. En cualquier caso, cada vez hay menos palestinos que apoyen a Fatah y al colaboracionista Mahmud Abbas (cuyo mandato terminó el pasado viernes).

--Más de 200.000 personas se manifiestan en Madrid contra el genocidio de Gaza.

--Cada vez son más los judios de todo el mundo que claman contra la matanza, incluida una mujer de Sderot (la ciudad donde más cohetes Qassam han caido en los últimos años): "No en mi nombre. El baño de sangre de Gaza no se está perpetrando en mi nombre ni para mi seguridad" (Vía Lenin's Tomb).

--Naomi Klein propone boicotear a Israel de igual modo que se boicoteó a Sudáfrica en su día (información sobre cómo hacerlo, aquí):

It's time. Long past time. The best strategy to end the increasingly bloody occupation is for Israel to become the target of the kind of global movement that put an end to apartheid in South Africa. In July 2005 a huge coalition of Palestinian groups laid out plans to do just that. They called on "people of conscience all over the world to impose broad boycotts and implement divestment initiatives against Israel similar to those applied to South Africa in the apartheid era". The campaign Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions was born.

Every day that Israel pounds Gaza brings more converts to the BDS cause - even among Israeli Jews. In the midst of the assault roughly 500 Israelis, dozens of them well-known artists and scholars, sent a letter to foreign ambassadors in Israel. It calls for "the adoption of immediate restrictive measures and sanctions" and draws a clear parallel with the anti-apartheid struggle. "The boycott on South Africa was effective, but Israel is handled with kid gloves ... This international backing must stop."

--La economía de guerra israelí. Interesante artículo de Khaled Diab en The Guardian:

In fact, for the past few years, Israel has enjoyed one of the highest economic growth rates in the world, and is still registering healthy growth even as western economies falter. Much of this growth has been fuelled by the high-tech "Silicon Wadi" sector, much of it security-related technologies, and arms.

According to the Israel Export and International Co-operation Institute, security and homeland security exports reached $3bn in 2005. In 2007, Israel overtook Britain to become the world's exporter, selling a total of $4bn in arms.

On top of that, since the bursting of the dot-com bubble, Israel has boosted its military spending, partly to help salvage high-tech firms. Last year, proved to be yet another record year, with the country's defence budget subsuming a massive 16% of government spending and 7% of GDP. Add to that, the average $3bn in military aid which Israel receives from the United States each year, and you have a truly staggering economic dependence on the way of the gun.

[...]

Israel has even managed to wean itself off its dependence on Palestinian labour, with the massive influx of Russian Jews who arrived in massive numbers in the 1990s. This has enabled Israel to close off the Palestinian territories without feeling major economic pain itself. In contrast to Israel, the massive economic deterioration – along with the political deadlock – triggered by the mass closures that began in the Oslo years, suggested to many Palestinians that the quest for peace would not deliver them a dividend, a frustration which culminated in the second intifada.

--Por cierto, España vendió a Israel armamento por un valor de 1.551.933 euros en los seis primeros meses de 2008, tres veces más que en todo el año 2007.

--Hasta Human Rights Watch afirma que Israel está usando bombas de fósforo blanco en Gaza (ver vídeo de Al Jazeera abajo sobre esto). Israel, por supuesto, lo niega, aunque los médicos de Gaza afirman que han atendido a unos 60 pacientes que sufren terribles quemaduras muy probablemente causadas por este tipo de armamento.


--El gran Gideon Levy firma en Haaretz un magistral artículo en el que arremete contra los hipócritas israelíes que cometen las mayores atrocidades y pretenden seguir estando del lado de los justos, "The time of the righteous" (vía Algarabía):

Yet there are some who still want it both ways. To kill and destroy indiscriminately and also to come out looking good, with a clean conscience. To go ahead with war crimes without any sense of the heavy guilt that should accompany them. It takes some nerve. Anyone who justifies this war also justifies all its crimes. Anyone who preaches for this war and believes in the justness of the mass killing it is inflicting has no right whatsoever to speak about morality and humaneness. There is no such thing as simultaneously killing and nurturing. This attitude is a faithful representation of the basic, twofold Israeli sentiment that has been with us forever: To commit any wrong, but to feel pure in our own eyes. To kill, demolish, starve, imprison and humiliate - and be right, not to mention righteous. The righteous warmongers will not be able to allow themselves these luxuries.

1 comentario:

algarabia dijo...

Magnífica recopilación desde varios ámbitos. Lástima que esto no lo vayan a leer quienes siguen justificando el embargo y la limpieza étnica. Ahora andan proponiendo enviar tropas españolas a la frontera de Rafah como mercenarias de Israel, no para proteger a los palestinos. Los bienpensantes proisraelíes del PSOE deberían entrar, desarmados, como vanguardia de los reservistas del Tsahal que está punto de enviar a Gaza. El subidón de testosterona bélica se les iba a pasar de golpe.

Un abrazo.